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Electronic Ballasts: Market Forces and Demand Characteristics, Fifth Edition  
 
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Price:  $2,600.00

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Date Published : Monday 05th of January 2009
Number of Pages : 89
 

Summary

Topics Covered Include:

  • Introduction
  • Lighting Technologies
  • Economic Drivers
  • Application Segment Trends
  • Lighting Performance and Cost Trends Comparison
  • Technology Developments
  • Regulations and Incentives
  • Industry Associations and Organizations
  • Consumer (Un)Awareness of Changing Lighting Regulations
  • Building Automation and Lighting Control Standards

The market for electronic ballasts for energy-efficient lighting will continue to grow at a rapid rate, but the exact rate and trajectory of growth are being altered by numerous factors. In the near-term, growth for some segments will slow as a result of the current economic downturn. However, the impact of today’s economic troubles will be short-lived and will vary depending on the specific market segment and ballast type being considered. Advances in various lighting technologies, new government regulations and overall demand for energy efficient lighting solutions are more important long-term trends and all are investigated in detail in this analysis. Critical and often subtle underlying changes in demand, such as the increasing use of building automation, are also identified and discussed.

Table of Contents

Introduction
Lighting Technologies
    Incandescent Bulbs
    Halogen Lamps
    Fluorescent Tubes
    Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFL)
    Cold Cathode Fluorescent Lamps
    High-Intensity Discharge (HID)
    Neon
    Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs)
Economic Drivers
Application Segment Trends
    General Illumination market Size and Characteristics
    Energy Efficient Lighting in General Illumination
    Lighting Performance and Pricing Trends in General Illumination
    Residential Lighting
    Commercial and Industrial Lighting
    Architectural and Landscape Lighting
    Automotive Lighting
    Approval Situation for LEDs in Headlamps
    Street Lights
    Signaling
    Signs and Billboards
    LCD Backlighting
Technology Developments
    Advances in Fluorescent Lighting
    Dimming Challenges
    Load-Shedding Ballast Targeted at Power Utilities Market
    Alternative Approaches to Improved Illumination Efficiencies
    OLEDs Hold Promise for General Illumination
    Advanced Components and ICs for Ballasts and Digital Control
Regulations and Incentives
    Overview
    U.S. Energy Independence and Security Act
    U.S. Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT)
    Green Lights Programs (Europe and Asia)
    Wireless Lighting Control and Building Automation Trends
    Regulatory Update
Industry Associations and Organizations
    American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
    Emerge Alliance
    European Lamp Companies Federation
    European Photonics Industry Consortium
    Illuminating Engineering Institute of Japan
    National Lighting Test Center China
Consumer (Un)Awareness of Changing Lighting Regulations
    Worldwide Elimination of Incandescent Lighting
Appendix A: Building Automation and Lighting Control Standards and Technologies Overview
    ZigBee®
    Z-Wave
    Insteon®
    LonTalk
    Others
Appendix B: Glossary of Lighting Terminology

List of Exhibits

Tables
Table 1 – Typical HID Lighting Applications
Table 2 – Color Temperature Scale
Table 3 – Color Rendering Index
Table 4 – General Illumination Technologies
Table 5 – Residential Lighting in Japan, Germany and U.S., Lighting Consumption per Household
Table 6 – Performance Standards for Selected Light Bulbs, New Energy Independence Act
Table 7 – Performance Characteristics of Selected Lighting Technologies, Published by the Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
Table 8 – Minimum MH Ballast Efficiencies Mandated by EISA 2007

Figures
Figure 1 – Halogen Lamp Ballast
Figure 2 – Electronic Ballast for Fluorescent Lamps
Figure 3 – Ballast and Pin-Based CFL
Figure 4 – Open-Frame CCFL Inverter
Figure 5 – HID Ballast from Foshan Mingyu Electrical Appliance Co. Ltd.
Figure 6 – Cree Luminaire for Parking Garages
Figure 7 – Typical CFL Integral Ballast Construction
Figure 8 – Electrodeless CFL With Integral Ballast From Sylvania
Figure 9 – Elate Recessed CFL Downlight With Built-in Ballast
Figure 10 – Lexel Lighting System From the TIR Division of Philips
Figure 11 – Critical Performance Level 100 lm/W
Figure 12 – Luminaire Pricing, General Illumination
Figure 13 – Relative Pricing and Performance
Figure 14 – Residential Lighting in China, Europe, Japan and U.S., by Lighting Technology (Linear Fluorescent, CFL, Halogen and Incandescent)
Figure 15 – GE LED Illuminated Refrigerated Display Cases
Figure 16 – Bodine Emergency Lighting LED Driver
Figure 17 – TIR LED Light Pipes in Callahan Tunnel in Boston, Massachusetts
Figure 18 – Full Moon Tower, Galaxy Park in Tianjin, China
Figure 19 – LEDtronics LED Automotive Bulbs Include 24 5mm LEDs
Figure 20 – LED Street Light in Taipei Consumes 100W per “Lamp” for a Total of 600W
Figure 21 – Use of Lighting Technologies in Signs (2008 percentages)
Figure 22 – Neon Sign Ballast Types
Figure 23 – EEFL Backlight Assembly With Ballast
Figure 24 – PulseStar™ Lighting Installation
Figure 25 – Wireless Standards and Power Consumption

Executive Summary

In the next five years, the global lighting industry will go through the biggest period of change since the invention of the incandescent bulb by Thomas Edison. The Edison bulb itself will be effectively outlawed in most countries and for most applications. The compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) that once appeared to be the heir-apparent for general illumination applications will be under severe pressure from environmentalists concerned about mercury content. The era of true solid state lighting will be dawning, primarily powered by ultra-high-efficiency light emitting diodes (LEDs) and to a lesser extent by organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs).

Every type of lighting that is vying to replace the incandescent blub uses electronic ballast. During this transition period, various types of energy efficient lighting will surge in sales. High-efficiency fluorescent tubes, high-intensity discharge (HID) lighting, as well as CFLs and other lighting technologies will see increasing sales, driving growth for sales of the corresponding electronic ballasts.

That will be good news because it will drive a huge surge in ballast sales. It may also be bad news because every type of lighting requires very different types of ballasts. Only companies offering the right ballasts and ballast components will benefit. For makers of electronic ballasts and related components, this is a critical period. Targeting the wrong lighting technology at the wrong time will be disastrous.

What started as a political desire to slow global warming has grown into a complex mixture of technological, economic, environmental and political issues. This report delves deeply into each of these areas and identifies the key drivers that will determine the adoption of future generations of lighting technologies. As is true in almost every area of electronics, technology availability and economic viability will be the dominant factors determining the winners and losers in the race to replace the incandescent bulb.

CFLs use about one-third the energy of a traditional incandescent bulb and last up to 10 times as long. LEDs are also touted for their high efficiencies (they are projected to be 3X as efficient as CFLs in 2013) and long lives (50,000 hours). But today’s LEDs have problems with high cost (10X the cost of a CFL). And while LEDs are getting better, CFLs are also improving. The latest generation of CFLs features operating lives of 15,000 hours, twice as long as previous CFL designs. And new CFL designs feature greatly reduced mercury content, reducing their negative environmental impact.

But the race is not just between CFLs and LEDs. Linear fluorescent lamps are among the most popular light source for a wide variety of applications from residential lighting to commercial lighting to signs. And various HID technologies are improving in efficiency and are widely employed in industrial, architectural and other applications.

It’s not just the basic lighting technology that determines overall performance. The associated ballasts technology has a major impact on the potential for energy savings. For example, some lighting technologies are more easily dimmed than others. The ability to dim lights effectively can result in as much as a 70% energy (and cost) savings. Ballasts that incorporate new dimming technologies for fluorescent tubes and CFLs can significantly improve the overall efficiency of the system and make those technologies even more cost-effective. That could make it more difficult for LEDs to gain widespread acceptance.

System-level developments are contributing to even greater reductions in energy use by lighting. For example dimmable ballasts may be addressed by any one of several control standards such as the Digital Addressable Lighting Interface (DALI) developed in Europe. Standards such as DALI enable the centralized control of many ballasts in an integrated building communications system that simultaneously controls all major building systems including individual light fixtures, operable window blinds, environmental sensors, and more, to minimize overall energy consumption.

The control of individual lighting ballasts is beginning to extent even beyond the building interior to the outside world. New ballasts have been developed that enable electric utilities to remotely control individual fixtures, reducing the lighting load (so-called load shedding) for their commercial customers during peak demand periods. Companies participating in these “demand-side management$rdquo; programs typically receive reduced electric rates.

At the same time that lighting technologies are evolving, ballasts are improving and lighting control systems are getting more complex, governments are setting standards and implementing incentives for the use of efficient lighting. While the intent of these programs is almost universally to improve environmental performance, they can also distort markets. It is important for makers of electronic ballasts to understand the complex matrix of government programs to target the best opportunities for near-term as well as longer-term growth.

Even before incandescent bulbs have been banned, demand for more energy efficient lighting has been growing. For example, the U.S. residential sector for energy efficient lighting has surged from 5% of units sold in 2005 to 20% in 2007. More energy efficient lights were sold in the U.S. market in 2007 than in the previous three years combined. And growth is accelerating. Europe and China are experiencing similar adoption patterns.

Change is a certainty for this industry and this report presents the only detailed and comprehensive analysis of trends driving demand for electronic ballasts. It considers a broad array of technical, economic, environmental and regulatory trends and presents a path to the future for the continued adoption of various energy efficient lighting technologies.

Countries Covered

Worldwide

Companies Mentioned

ABM Industries Inc.
Advanced Lighting Technologies
Advanced Transformer
Advantech
Alliance to Save Energy
Aixtron AG
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
Ampco System Parking
Amtech Lighting
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Armstrong World Industries
Asia Clean Energy Forum
Asia-Pacific Journal
Asian Development Bank
AU Optronics
Auer Lighting
Axis Technologies Group Inc.
BFM AB
BMW
Bodine Emergency Lighting
Building Research Establishment (UK)
California Lighting Technology Center
California Title 24 Energy Efficiency Building Standards
Century Lighting Tech. Co. Ltd.
China Illuminating Engineering Society
China Ministry of Science & Technology
Competitive Technologies Inc.
Costco
Cree
Crestron Electronics
Delta Products Corp.
Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (Australia)
Detroit Edison
Digital Addressable Lighting Interface (DALI)
Digital Signage SIG
Diodes Inc.
Distech
Dongfeng Motor
Dutch Environment Ministry
Edison Opto
Electric Power Research Institute
Emerson Process Management
EnOcean
Epistar Corp.
E-STREET
Energy Mad Ltd
EcoHomes (UK)
EMerge Alliance™
Energy Conservation in Buildings and Community Systems Programme
Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (U.S.)
Energy Policy Act of 2005 (U.S.)
European Committee for Standardization
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
European Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) Directive Implementation Advisory Group (DIAG)
European Photonics Industry Consortium
European Union
Everlight Electronics
FACE International
Fairchild Semiconductor
Fieldbus Foundation
Finelite
Flat Panel Display (FPD) International Conference
Ford Motor Co.
Foshan Mingyu Electrical Appliance Co. Ltd.
Foxconn Technology
Fraunhofer Institute
GE Consumer & Industrial
GE Global Research Center
General Electric Co.
Genesis Photonics Inc.
HART Communication Foundation
Havells Sylvania
Hella
Home Depot
Home Lighting Controls Alliance
Hua-chuang Automobile Information Technical Center
IKEA
Illuminating Engineering Institute of Japan
Illumination Engineering Society of North America
Illumitex LLC
Indonesian Electrical Lighting Industry
Industrial Revolution Global Business CEO Roundtable
Infineon Technologies AG
International Code Council
Insteon®
Instituto Tecnológico de Celaya
Instituto Tecnológico de Morelia
Integrated Building Environmental Communications System
Intel Corp.
Intelligent Energy – Europe
International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
International Rectifier
IQE plc
Japan Ministry of Economy
Trade and Industry
Johnson Controls
Juno Lighting Group
Kanepi Innovations
Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
Kyoto Protocol
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Green Building Rating System®
Ledtronics
Light+Building trade fair
Lighting Science Group
LG Philips LCD
Lighting Controls Association
Lighting Council of Australia
Lighting Science Group
Litetronics International Inc.
Lumileds
Lumination
Luminus
Masco
MaxLite
MeshNetics
Mercedes Benz
Minergie (Switzerland)
Minister for the Department of the Environment (Ireland)
Ministry of Spatial Planning and the Environment (The Netherlands)
MK Electric (a Honeywell business)
National Association of Home Builders (US)
National Electrical Code (U.S.)
National Electrical Manufacturers Association
National Lighting Test Centre (China)
Natural Resources Defense Council
New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (Japan)
New Zealand Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority
Nextek Power Systems
NURI Telecom
Office of Commercial High-Performance Green Buildings (U.S.)
Omnio
ON Semiconductor
Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development
Osram Opto Semiconductors
OSRAM Opto Semiconductors Asia Ltd.
Osram Sylvania
Partnership for Advancing Technology in Housing (PATH)
Philippine Energy Efficiency Project
Philippine Lighting Industry Association Inc.
Philips Electronics North America Corp.
Philips Lighting Taiwan
Polybrite International
Profibus Nutzerorganisation e.V.
PureSpectrum Inc.
Qisda
Relume Technologies
Royal Philips Electronics
Sagem Défense Sécurité
Samsung Electronics
Schott AG
Sharp Corporation
Shenzhen High-Tech Industrial Park
Shenzhen SED Industry Co.
Shenzhen Techone Tech Co. Ltd.
Siemens AG
Sierra Club
Signs of the Times
Society of Automotive Engineers
Southern California Edison
Steelcase
STMicroelectronics
Systel Development and Industries Ltd.
Taiyo Yuden
Taiwan Economic News
Taiwan Ministry of Economic Affairs Bureau of Energy
Texas Instruments
Thermokon
TIR Systems Ltd.
Tokyo Electric
Toshiba Semiconductor
Toyoda Gosei
Twenty-First Century Lamp Competition (U.S.)
Underwriters Laboratories
United Nations Conference for Climate Change
United Supermarkets LLC
UK Energy Research Centre
U.N. Economic Commission for Europe
University of California Davis
USA Signal Technology Inc.
USAID ECO-Asia Clean Development and Climate Program
U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office
U.S. Energy Policy Act of 2005
U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Star Program
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
U.S. Green Building Council
U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Vishay Intertechnology
Volkswagen
Wal-Mart
WattStopper
Wavenis®
Yano Research Institute Ltd. (Japan)
Zero-Net Energy Commercial Building Initiative
Zhongshan Opple Lighting Company Limited
ZigBee
Zumtobel Group
Z-Wave

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This product was added to our catalog on Monday 05 January, 2009.

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